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Prof Carl Heneghan

Fellow, Official Fellow

Professor of Evidence-Based Medicine

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences


Carl is a clinical epidemiologist and leading expert in EBM, research methods and regulatory science.  He has extensive experience in Systematic reviews and is Director of the NIHR SPCR Evidence Synthesis Working Group, a collaboration of nine UK primary care departments. He led the Tamiflu systematic reviews. He is also Co-Director of the Centre on Healthcare and Urbanisation at Kellogg College.

His work includes investigating drug and devices, advising governments on regulatory evidence and healthcare projects in the public interest.

He has worked with BBC Panorama to examine the evidence for sports drinks and IVF ‘Add-on’ treatments, and with the media to investigate problems with metal-hips, surgical mesh and the Essure implant. He is a clinical advisor to the UK’s Parliaments  All Parliamentary Party Group on Surgical Mesh

He is a founder of the AllTrials campaign, has chaired WHO guidelines on self-care and CVD risk, is a co-PI on four multi-centre RCTs and chair of two NIHR Trial Steering Committees. Twice he has been voted one of the top 100 NHS clinical leaders by the HSJ. In 2018 he was awarded NIHR Senior Investigator status – considered the most prominent and prestigious researchers funded by the NIHR and the most outstanding leaders of patient and people-based research within the NIHR Faculty.

Carl is Director of the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM), which builds capacity through outreach teaching and training activities.  He teaches undergraduates, postgraduates and teachers of EBM, and is the Director of Programs in Evidence-Based Health Care.

He is Editor in Chief of the Journal BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine, which has a dedicated blog site (BMJ EBM Spotlight). Carl has over 350 peer-reviewed publications, co-authored the EBM toolkit and Statistics Toolkit (BMJ-Blackwell’s) and, developed the EvidenceLive conference, now in its 10th year.

He also has extensive experience in both print and broadcast media. He is a regular contributor to BBC Radio 4’s Inside Health series and in 2016 worked with the BBC’s Panorama on Inside Britain’s Fertility Business.

Conflicts of interest and payments:

Carl has received expenses and fees for his media work (including payments from BBC Radio 4 Inside Health). He has received expenses from the WHO, FDA, and holds grant funding from the NIHR, the NIHR School of Primary Care Research, The NIHR BRC Oxford and the WHO. He has received financial remuneration from an asbestos case and given free legal advice on mesh cases. He has also received income from the publication of a series of toolkit books published by Blackwells. On occasion, he receives expenses for teaching EBM and is also paid for his GP work in NHS out of hours (contract with Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust).  He is Director of CEBM, which jointly runs the EvidenceLive Conference with the BMJ and the Overdiagnosis Conference with international partners, based on a  non-profit making model. He is Editor in Chief of BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine and is an NIHR Senior Investigator.